How to Unzip Files in Python


By squashlabs, Last Updated: November 2, 2023

How to Unzip Files in Python

To unzip files in Python, you can use the built-in zipfile module. This module provides functionality to manipulate ZIP archives. Here are two possible approaches:

Approach 1: Using the zipfile module

1. Import the zipfile module:

import zipfile

2. Open the ZIP file using the ZipFile class:

with zipfile.ZipFile('', 'r') as zip_ref:
    # Perform operations on the ZIP file

3. Extract all files from the ZIP archive:


4. Extract a specific file from the ZIP archive:

zip_ref.extract('file.txt', 'destination_folder')

5. Close the ZIP file:


Related Article: How to Execute a Program or System Command in Python

Approach 2: Using the shutil module

1. Import the shutil module:

import shutil

2. Extract all files from the ZIP archive:

shutil.unpack_archive('', 'destination_folder', 'zip')

3. Extract a specific file from the ZIP archive:

shutil.unpack_archive('', 'destination_folder', 'zip', 'file.txt')

These approaches provide a straightforward way to unzip files in Python using the zipfile and shutil modules. Remember to replace '' with the path to your ZIP file and 'destination_folder' with the desired destination folder.

Best Practices

Here are some best practices to consider when working with ZIP files in Python:

– Always use the with statement when working with ZipFile objects. This ensures that the file is properly closed after use, even if an exception occurs.
– Check if a file exists before extracting it from the ZIP archive to avoid overwriting existing files.
– Consider using the pathlib module to handle file paths in a more platform-independent manner.
– Use exception handling to handle errors when working with ZIP files, such as handling cases where the file is not found or the extraction fails.

Related Article: How to Use Python with Multiple Languages (Locale Guide)

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